Children in custody proceedings are rarely the cause of abuse, experts say.
But they often help explain why cases are not prosecuted, why the charges against a parent are dropped and why there are so many more cases.
The reasons for the lack of prosecutions vary.
In some cases, parents were accused of abusing children because they were emotionally abusive or that they were mentally disturbed, said Steven Pifer, a professor of criminal justice at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.
But in others, such as the one in New York City, the victims were accused because they reported a problem or they felt they had been victimized by someone.
It’s not clear why those allegations were not reported.
In a study published in August in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Pifer found that in cases of child abuse, cases of criminal negligence or physical abuse were almost twice as likely to be prosecuted.
And in one in three of the cases where a parent was charged, there was evidence of a crime.
“We don’t know what the relationship is between the child abuse and the criminal charges,” said Richard M. Zobel, an expert on child abuse in Washington.
The most commonly cited reason for the rarity of cases is that parents have been in custody for years.
“That’s why it’s so important that we investigate,” said Zobal, who also is an expert in child protection.
“If it’s not a child abuse case, why not go and talk to your child?”
Zobelman said parents who are not criminally charged can have their cases dismissed.
He said some parents who have been charged have been able to avoid going to trial because they feel their children are safe in their custody.
Some parents have filed for bankruptcy, and some have been denied their children’s custody, said Mark P. Cusack, a New York State attorney who has been in the civil rights division of the New York Attorney General’s Office.
Some attorneys have argued that parents who file for bankruptcy may not be able to afford to pay the child support payments.
That may be true, but it’s also true that a parent who was able to file bankruptcy in another state could have a child in New Jersey who may not have been brought up by that family, said Robert E. Wertheim, a former civil rights prosecutor in New Mexico.
If a parent files for bankruptcy in New Hampshire, they can also get a waiver of the child custody statute, which allows them to get a court order to stay in custody.
And the court will be able issue a protective order, which is a court-ordered stay, said Jennifer G. L. Dennison, a lawyer with the Legal Aid Society of New York.
For some parents, it’s easier to stay out of custody because they have a spouse and child to look after.
For others, it can be easier to keep children out because the courts have fewer resources to investigate and prosecute child abuse allegations, said William A. Schaffer, a University of Southern California law professor.
Parents can appeal their decisions to the state attorney general’s office, but some parents have said that it is more likely to occur when the family is poor.
That means a child may have been abused as a child and will be the one to face the charges.
For a child, it is difficult to explain why someone is so angry.
“The only way you can explain it is with your child,” said Robert F. Nisbet, a civil rights attorney who is the president of the Child Welfare League of New Jersey.
It can be difficult for children to understand why their parents have gone to jail.
They are too young to understand what it’s like to go through that,” he said.
Some children are too sensitive and can’t understand what is happening to them.
In addition, many child protective services offices have been shuttered and have no staff, said Schaffer. “
There are families who just have no idea why their child is being abused,” said Lyle A. Wachter, an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union of New Mexico and the former director of the Office of Child Protection and Advocacy in the New Mexico attorney general.
In addition, many child protective services offices have been shuttered and have no staff, said Schaffer.
Some child advocates say that in the last five years, the number of children who have died in custody has dropped by more than half.
“It’s a tragic loss for the family,” said A. Lizzie E. Miller, the executive director of The Child Welfare Alliance, a nonprofit organization that advocates for children in custody cases.
“But it’s a tragedy for the parents, too.
When you have children who are being abused, it has a very, very bad impact on your family.”
The parents often have been arrested themselves.
“You’re not going to find a better source of information than a child who is being harmed, and who is abused by